Salford textile processing history, Salford Engine Twist Company and Bush roller chain
Textile processing was alive in Salford some 700 years before the Industrial Revolution; however, the River Irwell and established trading infrastructure allowed Salford to boom. The bush roller chain was invented and produced in Ordsall and the Philips and Lee Twist Mill was one of the first factories to be built in Salford.
Han Renold was a Swiss born engineer who came to Salford in the late 19th century. He founded the 'Hans Renold Company' after buying a small textile-chain making business in Ordsall. The company, now 'Renold', invented the bush roller chain and began producing it.
Salford has played a huge part in the history of working class Britain, along with Manchester. Cottage industries such as clogging, cobbling and textile processing had helped Salford develop before the introduction of cotton; however, the Industrial Revolution had a significant impact on the population and urbanisation.
The River Irwell and its tributaries attracted businessmen who built cotton mills along the river in Pendleton and Ordsall. In the late 18th century, following the introduction of the steam engine, mills were built closer to the centres of Salford and Manchester as coal and labour were more readily available.
Philips and Lee Twist Mill was one of the first factories to be built in Salford in 1801. It was located between Chapel Street and the River Irwell and was the first large cotton mill to use gas lighting.